Breath as a Gateway to Inner Peace: Discovering Pranayama

January 19, 2024

Take a deep breath. Close your eyes for a moment and feel the air flowing in and out of your lungs. Notice how effortlessly it happens, without any conscious effort on your part.

Welcome to the world of pranayama – the ancient art of inner peace through breathing control.

The basic premise of Pranayama is to harness the power of the breath to influence the flow of prana or life energy throughout the body. According to yogic philosophy, this life force circulates through subtle energy channels called nadis, and its flow can be influenced by the breath. Pranayama involves various techniques of breathing control, including inhalation, retention, and exhalation, to create a harmonious flow of energy.

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Let's Find Out About Yourself First


1. How often do you feel stressed?

  • A) Rarely
  • B) Sometimes
  • C) Often
  • D) Almost always

2. Do you have trouble sleeping?

  • A) Never
  • B) Occasionally
  • C) Frequently
  • D) Every night

3. How would you describe your energy levels?

  • A) Always high
  • B) Generally okay
  • C) Often low
  • D) Always tired

4. How often do you practice mindfulness or meditation?

  • A) Daily
  • B) A few times a week
  • C) Rarely
  • D) Never

5. Do you experience difficulty concentrating?

  • A) Never
  • B) Sometimes
  • C) Often
  • D) All the time

6. How do you rate your physical fitness?

  • A) Excellent
  • B) Good
  • C) Fair
  • D) Poor

7. How often do you feel overwhelmed by emotions?

  • A) Rarely
  • B) Occasionally
  • C) Frequently
  • D) Constantly

8. Do you suffer from any respiratory conditions?

  • A) No
  • B) Mild
  • C) Moderate
  • D) Severe

9. How would you describe your ability to relax?

  • A) No trouble at all
  • B) Somewhat easy
  • C) Difficult
  • D) What's relaxation?

10. How often do you take time for breathing exercises or pranayama?

  • A) Every day
  • B) Now and then
  • C) Rarely
  • D) Never

What Were Your Answers?

For A Answers:

You seem to have a good handle on stress, sleep, and fitness. Keep up your great work! Pranayama can enhance your existing practices, bringing new depths to your wellness and mindfulness routines.

For B Answers:

You're doing well but might face occasional challenges. Pranayama can help smooth out those bumps, improving your focus, sleep, and stress management. Try incorporating it a few times a week.

For C Answers:

You often encounter obstacles to your well-being. Pranayama can be a powerful tool for you. Regular practice could significantly boost your energy levels, concentration, and emotional equilibrium. Start with simple exercises and gradually increase your practice.

For D Answers:

You might feel like you're constantly battling stress, fatigue, and other issues. Pranayama could be a game-changer for you, offering a way to find calm, improve sleep, and manage emotions. Begin with gentle practices and consider seeking guidance from a pranayama instructor.

Pranayama offers a wide range of benefits, from enhancing lung function and improving sleep to reducing stress and increasing concentration. Regardless of where you find yourself on this spectrum, incorporating pranayama into your life can offer meaningful improvements to your overall well-being.

The Science of Breathing

The diaphragm, a dome-shaped muscle located at the base of the lungs, plays a pivotal role in this process. When the diaphragm contracts, it flattens and moves downward, creating a vacuum in the chest cavity, which causes air to rush into the lungs. Conversely, when the diaphragm relaxes, it returns to its dome shape, pushing air out of the lungs.

The Role of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide

Air inhaled through the nose or mouth travels down the trachea and into the lungs, where it is distributed to millions of tiny air sacs called alveoli. These alveoli are surrounded by a network of capillaries, small blood vessels that allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and the lungs.

Oxygen from the air we breathe passes through the walls of the alveoli and enters the bloodstream, where it binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells and is transported to the tissues and organs of the body. Simultaneously, carbon dioxide, a waste product of metabolism, is transported from the tissues and organs back to the lungs, where it is expelled from the body during exhalation.

Did You Know?

  • Stress Reduction: Around 70% of individuals practicing Pranayama report significant reductions in stress levels.
  • Improved Lung Function: Regular Pranayama can improve lung capacity by up to 40% in healthy adults.
  • Blood Pressure Control: About 60% of practitioners see a reduction in blood pressure after consistent Pranayama practice.
  • Sleep Quality: Approximately 65% of people practicing Pranayama experience improved sleep quality.
  • Concentration and Focus: 80% of individuals practicing Pranayama report enhanced concentration and mental focus.

The Nervous System and Breathing

The autonomic nervous system regulates the rate and depth of breathing, adjusting it according to the body’s needs.

For example, during physical exertion, the body requires more oxygen and needs to expel more carbon dioxide, so the rate and depth of breathing increase.

Conversely, when the body is at rest, the rate and depth of breathing decrease. The brainstem, specifically the medulla oblongata and the pons, contains the respiratory centers that control this automatic regulation of breathing.

The Benefits of Controlled Breathing

While breathing is typically an automatic process, we also have the ability to consciously control our breath. Controlled breathing exercises, such as those practiced in yoga and meditation, have been shown to have numerous benefits for both the body and mind.

For example, slow, deep breathing can help to lower blood pressure, reduce stress, and improve mental clarity.

Pranayama: The Art of Breath Control

breath control

Pranayama is a Sanskrit word that combines 'Prana' meaning life force or breath, and 'Ayama' meaning control or regulation. It is a crucial component of yoga, a practice that goes beyond the physical postures most are familiar with.

This ancient technique involves controlling and regulating the breath to enhance physical and mental well-being. In this article, we will explore the fundamentals of Pranayama, its various techniques, and the potential benefits it offers.

Techniques of Pranayama

There are several different techniques of Pranayama, each with its own set of benefits. Some common ones include:

  • Anulom Vilom: Also known as alternate nostril breathing, this technique involves inhaling through one nostril, holding the breath, and then exhaling through the other nostril. It is said to balance the two hemispheres of the brain and create a sense of calm.
  • Kapalbhati: This technique involves short, forceful exhalations followed by passive inhalations. It is said to cleanse the lungs and boost oxygen supply to the body.
  • Bhramari: Also known as bee breath, this technique involves inhaling deeply and then exhaling while making a humming sound. It is said to calm the mind and reduce stress.

I'll come back to you with these 3 techniques in a little while.

Steps To Practicing Pranayama

Steps To Practicing Pranayama

Here are the general steps to get you started with this practice:

Step 1: Find a Quiet Space

Choose a quiet and comfortable space where you won’t be disturbed. It could be a corner of your room, a park, or any place where you feel relaxed and at ease.

Step 2: Sit Comfortably

Sit comfortably with your back straight, either on a chair or on the floor with a cushion. Place your hands on your knees, palms facing upward. Close your eyes and try to relax your body and mind.

Step 3: Focus on Your Breath

Before you start with any Pranayama technique, it is essential to become aware of your natural breathing. Pay attention to your inhalation and exhalation without trying to change anything.

Step 4: Choose a Pranayama Technique

As a beginner, you might want to start with simple techniques. Here are 3 of them; Anulom Vilom, Kapalbhat, and Bhramari.

Did You Know?

  • Anxiety Relief: Around 55% of people using Pranayama techniques report a decrease in symptoms of anxiety.
  • Heart Health: Regular Pranayama can lead to a 10% reduction in resting heart rate, indicating improved heart health.
  • Mood Improvement: 75% of Pranayama practitioners experience an uplift in their mood and general well-being.
  • Chronic Pain Management: About 50% of individuals practicing Pranayama report relief from chronic pain symptoms.
  • Digestive Function: Around 30% notice improvements in digestive functions after adopting Pranayama.

Anulom Vilom (Alternate Nostril Breathing)

This technique involves inhaling through one nostril, holding the breath, and then exhaling through the other nostril. Practicing Anulom Vilom can balance the two hemispheres of the brain and create a sense of calm.

How to do it
  1. Sit comfortably with your back straight.
  2. Close your right nostril with your right thumb and inhale slowly through your left nostril.
  3. Close your left nostril with your ring finger, hold your breath for a few seconds.
  4. Release your thumb and exhale through your right nostril.
  5. Inhale through your right nostril, then close it, hold your breath for a few seconds, and exhale through your left nostril.
  6. This completes one round.
  • Duration and Repetitions: Start with 5 rounds and gradually increase to up to 10-15 rounds. Each inhalation and exhalation should last around 4-5 seconds, but listen to your body and adjust as needed.
  • What not to do: Avoid straining your breath. If holding your breath causes discomfort, simply skip that part and focus on alternate nostril breathing.

Kapalbhati (Shining Skull Technique)

Kapalbhati involves short, forceful exhalations followed by passive inhalations. It is said to cleanse the lungs and boost the oxygen supply to the body.

How to do it:
  1. Sit comfortably with your back straight.
  2. Take a deep breath in and then exhale forcefully through both nostrils, contracting your abdominal muscles.
  3. Let the inhalation happen naturally and passively.
  4. Repeat the forceful exhalation and passive inhalation cycle.
  • Duration and Repetitions: Start with 30 seconds and gradually increase up to 5 minutes. Aim for 60-120 exhalations per minute, but start slower if needed and gradually increase the speed.
  • What not to do: Avoid practicing Kapalbhati if you have high blood pressure, heart issues, or any respiratory issues. Also, avoid straining your breath or body.

Did You Know?

  • Hormonal Balance: About 45% of women practicing Pranayama report better hormonal balance.
  • Asthma Relief: 30% of asthma patients practicing Pranayama report reduced asthma attacks and improved breathing.
  • Flexibility and Posture: 40% of yoga practitioners find that Pranayama enhances their flexibility and posture.
  • Mindfulness and Awareness: 85% of Pranayama practitioners report an increased sense of mindfulness and awareness.
  • Skin Health: Around 20% of practitioners notice improvements in skin health and tone after regular Pranayama practice.

Bhramari (Bee Breath)

Bhramari involves inhaling deeply and then exhaling while making a humming sound. It is said to calm the mind and reduce stress.

How to do it:
  1. Sit comfortably with your back straight.
  2. Close your ears with your thumbs and place your fingers on your forehead.
  3. Take a deep breath in.
  4. Exhale slowly while making a humming sound like a bee.
  • Duration and Repetitions: Practice 5-10 repetitions. Each exhalation should last as long as comfortably possible.
  • What not to do: Avoid practicing Bhramari if you have ear issues or infections. Also, avoid straining your breath or making the humming sound too forcefully.

Always listen to your body and adjust your practice accordingly. If you feel dizzy or uncomfortable at any point, stop and resume normal breathing. It is always advisable to learn and practice Pranayama under the guidance of a qualified instructor, especially if you are a beginner.

Be Mindful

Pay attention to how your body and mind feel during and after the practice. If you feel dizzy or uncomfortable at any point, stop and resume normal breathing.

Practice Regularly

To experience the full benefits of Pranayama, it is recommended to practice regularly. Start with 5-10 minutes daily and gradually increase your practice time as you feel comfortable.

Benefits of Pranayama

Benefits of Pranayama

Practicing Pranayama regularly can offer a host of benefits for both the body and the mind. Some potential benefits include:

  • Reduced Stress and Anxiety: One of the most immediate effects often reported is a reduction in stress and anxiety levels. Controlled, slow breathing helps activate the parasympathetic nervous system, which counters the body's stress response.
  • Improved Focus and Clarity: By giving your mind a single point of focus—your breath—you can cultivate a greater sense of mental clarity and concentration over time.
  • Better Lung Capacity: With techniques that involve deep breathing, such as Anulom Vilom, you can improve lung function and capacity. This may help if you have minor respiratory issues or simply want to optimize your breathing.
  • Enhanced Energy: Improved oxygen flow to the body's cells can result in increased energy levels, making you feel more awake and alert throughout the day.
  • Improved Sleep Quality: Many people find that regular Pranayama practice helps them sleep more soundly, falling asleep more quickly and waking less frequently during the night.
  • Emotional Stability: Practices like Bhramari and Anulom Vilom are known to balance the emotional state, making you less susceptible to mood swings or emotional outbursts.
  • Lower Blood Pressure: Deep breathing exercises can help lower blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels and reducing stress hormones, thus improving cardiovascular health.
  • Better Digestion: The act of deep breathing can stimulate the digestive organs, leading to better digestion over time.
  • Increased Mindfulness: As you become more aware of your breath, you may also become more aware of your thoughts, emotions, and actions, contributing to an overall sense of mindfulness.

Did You Know?

  • Immune System Boost: Consistent practice of Pranayama can enhance the immune system’s effectiveness by up to 35%.
  • Energy Levels: 70% of practitioners feel more energetic throughout the day after regular Pranayama sessions.
  • Reduction in Depression Symptoms: Nearly 40% of those who practice Pranayama report a reduction in symptoms of depression.
  • Detoxification: Pranayama aids in the body’s detoxification process, as reported by 50% of practitioners.
  • Ageing Process: Regular Pranayama practice can slow down the ageing process, as noticed by 25% of older practitioners.
Practice Pranayama with Your Partner

Practicing Pranayama with Your Partner

Sharing this practice allows you both to support and motivate each other, creating a sense of togetherness that can strengthen your bond and enhance your practice.

Practicing together doesn't necessarily mean you'll be doing the same exercises at the same time, although that is one option. Instead, consider using your shared practice time as an opportunity to support each other through your respective exercises.

For example, one partner can observe and offer gentle feedback on the other's technique, helping to correct posture, breathing rhythm, or any other aspect of the practice. This can be particularly helpful for beginners or those looking to refine their technique.

How To Practice Pranayama with Your Partner

Start by sitting back-to-back in a comfortable seated position. This physical contact will help you feel each other’s breath and establish a rhythm together.

Decide which technique you both feel comfortable with and agree on the duration of practice.

Close your eyes, start your practice, and try to sync your breath with your partner’s as closely as possible. If one partner has a shorter breath cycle, try to find a middle ground that is comfortable for both.

Coordinated Breathing

Practice coordinated breathing. This involves synchronizing your breaths so that you're inhaling and exhaling at the same time. This can create a powerful sense of connection and harmony, making your practice feel more meaningful and profound.

The Affirmations

Use your shared practice as an opportunity to set intentions or affirmations for each other. For example, as you breathe deeply, you might silently wish your partner happiness, health, or peace. This can be a powerful way to infuse your practice with a sense of purpose and positive energy.

It's not only a wonderful way to enhance your practice but also a meaningful way to spend time together. It will bring a new dimension to your practice and your relationship for sure. So why not invite your partner to join you for a session of Pranayama and discover the benefits of shared breath together?

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About the author 

Jack Stan

Online Marketing Career Consultant. Network marketing and web developing since 2009, helping people quit daytime job and earn enough money and freedom. Keen swimmer, horse-rider, cake-baker, a little bit of OCD.

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